Modern agriculture has become very different from traditional agriculture, with more diverse forms and a lot of creativity. Agricultural format refers to different agricultural products (services), agricultural management methods and agricultural management organizations. Due to the diversity of agricultural resources, in recent years, through the integration of resources in different ways, a variety of new agricultural formats, such as service, innovation, socialization and factoryization, have emerged, and various developments have shown different stages. Due to the horizontal expansion of the industrial chain, new agricultural industries such as leisure agriculture, rural tourism, smart agriculture, and organic agriculture have been released. What new agricultural formats do you know? What do you think about the development prospects of these new agricultural formats?
1）Leisure agriculture and rural tourism
Leisure agriculture and rural tourism are one of the development directions of today's tourism, with strong vitality and broad prospects. Leisure agriculture is a new type of agricultural production and management that utilizes agricultural landscape resources and agricultural production conditions to develop tourism, leisure and tourism. It can deepen the potential of agricultural resources, adjust the agricultural structure, improve the agricultural environment, and increase the income of farmers.
At present, leisure agriculture has developed in an all-round way in China, with increasingly rich products, expanding scale and accelerating profits. But the market is far from saturated, and the future development space is still very large. It is estimated that the national leisure tourism market will exceed 8 billion person-times, far higher than the current annual reception of 2.2 billion people. With the participation of more and more subjects, the competition of leisure agriculture will gradually intensify. Some areas around the large and medium-sized cities with early start and rapid development have become urgently urgent for the transformation and upgrading of leisure agriculture.
The people's food is heaven, and the history of human development is largely a history of agricultural development. However, at a time when green agriculture is gradually becoming more popular, we cannot help but ask: Where will the future agriculture go? Functional agriculture is an emerging and enticing direction. Functional agriculture refers to the eutrophication and functionalization of agricultural products. It is to make agricultural products have health care functions through bio-nutrition enhancement or other biotechnology.
The term "functional agricultural products" (food) is a term that has been used frequently in recent years. In the medium and long-term development outline of China's light industry, the "food industry science and technology development strategic goal" has proposed "adjusting the food industry and industrial structure, developing convenient foods." "Functional foods and engineering foods and other new types of agricultural products" also proposed the concept of "functional agricultural products and functional foods", indicating that it is one of the future development trends of agriculture and food industry.
3）The agricultural exhibition
Agricultural exhibitions are exhibitions and conferences about agriculture. Exhibitions refer to various agricultural fairs, trade fairs, trade fairs, exhibitions, and conferences, including various agricultural forums, conferences, and exchanges.
Agricultural exhibitions are the inevitable product and organic combination of the development of agriculture and exhibition industry to a certain stage. The agricultural exhibition economy is based on the convention and exhibition industry. It organizes various types of agricultural exhibitions and agricultural conferences to form an economic form of information flow, talent flow, capital flow, logistics, business opportunities and agricultural development.
The growth rate of agricultural exhibitions has slowed down, the market has become more mature, and the whole has entered the stage of competition integration. From the perspective of growth potential, the number of newly developed agricultural exhibitions and agricultural festivals will slow down in the future, and the overall trend will be in the stage of competition integration. In the future, more development will be to build exhibition brands, enhance exhibitions, develop derivative products and explore marketization. Operating mode, etc.
Smart agriculture is to apply the Internet of Things technology to traditional agriculture, using sensors and software to control agricultural production through mobile platforms or computer platforms, making traditional agriculture more "smart." In addition to accurate perception, control and decision management, in a broad sense, smart agriculture also includes agricultural e-commerce, food traceability anti-counterfeiting, logistics and transportation, agricultural leisure tourism, agricultural information services and other aspects.
Smart agriculture is to use the leading technology of the domestic and international information industry to closely integrate agricultural production practices, to achieve China's "four synchronizations", enhance the development of agricultural modernization, and further integrate scientific and technological resources, quality products and practical technologies to provide sustainable development for the park. And a simple and practical comprehensive solution for agricultural informationization. Committed to providing customers with a comprehensive package of agricultural Internet of Things, comprehensive application programs, project implementation, agricultural technology services and other comprehensive, a package of agricultural information services, involving facilities such as horticulture, field planting, animal husbandry, aquaculture and other applications.
Creative agriculture means effectively integrating science and technology and human factors into agricultural production, further expanding agricultural functions, integrating resources, and developing traditional agriculture into modern agriculture that integrates production, life and ecology. At present, it is integrated into the development of leisure tourism products in the form of creative elements, including product creativity, service creativity, environmental creativity and event creativity. At present, it mainly focuses on product creativity and activity creativity. Creative agriculture does not currently have a large market share, and there is still a long way to go to build ideas and form industries.
The agricultural carnival is full of creative product design, which makes the agricultural carnival have a long-lasting vitality, which can bring the people's spiritual resonance and different feelings, and strengthen the stickyness of tourists. Whether it is products, packaging, or landscape essays, it is infused with creative thinking, combined with fashion elements, so that visitors have a refreshing, bright effect.
The balcony agriculture is literally understood to be agricultural production in the balcony space. It has all the functions of the soil space on the ground, but from a technical point of view, the technology involved in balcony agriculture is more advanced, and the cultivation mode is more soilless. Production products tend to be appreciative and self-sufficient.
The balcony agriculture began to enter the city, and it was cultivated without soil, equipment was intelligent, and space was intensive. Some big cities developed rapidly. Dwarf tomatoes, apples, peaches and potted vegetables have appeared on the market in some areas. The new form of urban modern agriculture meets the public's demand for a beautiful environment and leisure life, and is gradually becoming a way of life for the citizens.
With the continuous advancement of urbanization, high-rise buildings are fast-moving like building blocks. The per capita living area is not as wide as that of rural courtyards or houses. The balcony or roof with sunlight is more limited, and it is impossible to be like the agricultural society era. There is plenty of room for a large courtyard with a wide balcony and a wide roof. It is not possible that people have plenty of time to play with flowers and vegetables, as in the era of agricultural idleness.
With the advent of the era of knowledge economy in the industrial age, the whole society is running at a high speed in a fast pace. It is impossible to have too much energy to study the cultivation of plants while leisure, but the pursuit of returning to nature is an eternal theme. When you are busy, you can be exposed to flowers, vegetables, and fruits. You can really appreciate how natural life is important to people. Watching plants grow up vigorously, watching the lush green, deeply It is a wonderful reward for the fresh, vibrant air that the mouth-sucking plant releases.
Order agriculture, also known as contract farming and contract farming, is a new type of agricultural production and management model that has emerged in recent years. Farmers organize and arrange agricultural production based on orders placed between themselves or their rural organizations and purchasers of agricultural products. An agricultural production and marketing model. Order farming is well adapted to market needs and avoids blind production.
At present, there are two main types of new forms of order agriculture. One is that the circulation and catering service enterprises will extend the industrial chain to establish a direct supply base for raw materials; the other is to establish a cooperation model between the enterprise and the agricultural product base, and use the base as a company employee. Purchase agricultural products and leisure experience venues to provide internal benefits to company employees.
As an important means of ordering production, order agriculture plays a certain role in stabilizing agricultural product prices, ensuring farmers' reasonable income, and resisting market price risks (such as garlic, onion, ginger, pork, etc.). However, in the actual operation of order farming, it has become difficult to implement due to the poor contractual awareness and malicious default of some farmers. Only by placing farmers in a more close network of people and interests will they pay more attention to the value of personal integrity.
Have you ever thought about reclaiming land on your own farm? Let's grow all kinds of vegetables and fruits that you like, and enjoy your own fruits and green vegetables during the harvest season? “Adoption Agriculture” is an emerging model of value-added development in agriculture in recent years. It generally refers to consumers paying for production costs. Producers provide consumers with green and organic foods, and establish a risk sharing and revenue sharing between producers and consumers. Production method.
The selling point of “adopting agriculture” is not only agricultural products. “Adopting agriculture” allows agriculture to not only have the attributes of the primary industry, but also to interact deeply with tourism, leisure and culture industries. Taking urban residents as the target market and integrating experience and interactive projects, the company will integrate its own characteristic agricultural products, tourist attractions and style homes to provide personalized choices for adopting customers, so that more people and consumers will benefit from it.
The rise of "adoption agriculture" in China has only been a short period of five or six years. Although it is still in its infancy, for many people, this is an opportunity. From the practical point of view, adopting agriculture not only brings passenger flow, information flow and capital flow to the rural areas, but also completely solves the core problem that one household is difficult to increase revenues. More importantly, the adoption of agricultural models promotes one, two and three. The deep integration of the industry and common development.
In the future, “adoption agriculture”, as a form of expression of the shared economy, will gradually penetrate into more fields and integrate innovation with other economic forms. Although there are certain problems at this stage, we have reason to believe that with the various ways of sharing the economy, the future "adoption agriculture" will develop in a healthier and greener direction.
The plant factory is an advanced stage of modern facility agriculture development. It is a high-input, high-tech, and sophisticated equipment production system that integrates biotechnology, engineering technology, and system management to separate agricultural production from natural ecological constraints. An annual industrialized agricultural system for the production of plant products.
Plant factory is an important part of modern agriculture. It is an inevitable outcome of the development of science and technology to a certain stage. It is a multidisciplinary integrated innovation and knowledge of modern biotechnology, construction engineering, environmental control, mechanical transmission, materials science, facility gardening and computer science. Highly intensive agricultural production methods with technology. It is still in its infancy and is currently used as a pilot demonstration. From the development of Austria, Denmark, the United States, Japan and other countries, the potential of industrialized agriculture is great and the prospects are good.
Bio-agriculture refers to agricultural production methods that use advanced biotechnology and production techniques to cultivate various crops. These include production projects such as plantation, forestry, microbial fermentation engineering, and animal husbandry.
Bio-agriculture as a whole has entered the initial stage of large-scale industrialization, and its development prospects are broad. In recent years, the scale of bio-agriculture has continued to expand, and the industry has been continuously optimized and upgraded. For example, the size of the biological vaccine market has increased from 5.8 billion yuan in 2009 to 15.1 billion yuan in 2015, with an average annual growth rate of 22%. It is estimated that by 2020, the total output value of China's bio-agriculture will reach 1 trillion yuan. The application of modern biotechnology in agriculture has resulted in bio-agriculture covering areas such as biological breeding, bio-pesticide, bio-fertilizer, bio-feed, biological vaccines and preparations.
The development of bio-agriculture can promote the fundamental transformation of China's agricultural industrial system, promote the fundamental transformation of agricultural production methods and realize the fundamental transformation of China's agricultural organization, thereby changing the structure of agricultural industry, the structure of agriculture, and promoting the level of human health and the level of bio-industry. Enhance and take the road of China's agricultural modernization with high efficiency, product safety, resource conservation and environmental friendliness.